historical note. First standard of Russian Spaniel was established
in 1951. Next, slightly modified
standard of the breed was accepted into use in 1966. Standard presented
below is the one recently accepted by the Hunting Canine organization
of the Russian Federation (RFOS), and under review in the main canine
organization of Russia, RKF. It is expected to be submitted to
FCI upon approval of RKF.
view, conformation and behavior: Russian Spaniel is a longhaired gundog
of medium height, strong build, relatively long-legged (the
length of front extremities from a sole up to elbow joint constitutes
1/2 heights in withers), and moderately stretched. Height in withers
in males is 40-45 cm (15 3/4"-17 3/4"), in females 38-43
(15"-17"), elongation index (the ratio of length to height,
where length is measured on a level from the foremost point of the
shoulder to the rearmost point of the buttocks) is 1.10 to 1.14 for
males, and 1.12 to 1.16 for females. A typical pace on search is a
light gallop (canter) , in difficult places changing to a tort. Type
of behavior is well balanced and mobile. Attitude towards people is
Faults (when over-expressed, severely penalized): weak signs of sexual
dimorphism, signs of rachitis, overall physical underdevelopment, level
topline in males, croup height is more than height in withers, excessively
light-boned, elongation beyond the standard, height above standard
up to 2cm (if more, considered a serious fault) or lower than standard
up to 1cm (if more, considered a serious fault). Hyperactivity, listlessness,
Serious faults: unprovoked aggressiveness to people, fearfulness.
black, brown, and tan. Bicolor: white with black, white with brown,
white with tan markings. Black touchups of tan or brown
color, brown with touchups of tan or black color. Tricolor: bicolor
with spots or touchups of other color, black and tan with white marks
on a chest or paws.
Serious faults: all coloring not listed in the standard.
oat: Hair coat is moderately long, soft, reflective, straight, and skintight.
On the head and the front sides of legs the hair is short
and straight. On the upper side of the neck, back, sides and croup
it is moderately long and rich. On the bottom side of the neck, on
the chest, stomach, the backside of front and back legs, as well as
on ears and the bottom part of the tail, the dressy hair is longer,
soft, wavy, forms fringe and feathers. Hair is like a thick brush between
Faults: wiry, excessively wavy, too short or too long hair coat, underdeveloped
dressy coat, fringes and feathers
Serious faults: curly or with curls on the neck and body, disheveled,
non-skintight, fluffy, or short coat, absence of the dressy coat.
muscles, skeleton: A skin is dense, elastic, without wrinkles or folds.
Skeleton is strong. Muscles are well developed, relief.
Faults: skin is slightly wrinkly, with a few minor folds; slightly
Serious faults: wrinkly skin, with folds, seriously underdeveloped
muscles; weak and underdeveloped skeleton.
ead: Dry, moderately long (makes 1/3 from the total length of the body),
with oval, moderately wide cranial part. Occipital bone is weakly
expressed. Lines of a cranium and a muzzle are parallel. The lengths
of the muzzle and the cranium are equal. Brow arches are moderately
developed. Transition from the forehead to the muzzle is smooth, but
clearly expressed. The muzzle is long and, if looked at from above,
wide; a little narrower than the cranium, with slight narrowing to
tip of the nose. If looked at from the side, the upper lip appears
almost rectangular, with a slightly rounded front corner. Color of
the nose tip and lips ranges from dark brown to black, preferably black.
Faults: hooked, lowered or slightly turned-up muzzle, slightly shortened
muzzle (length is less than that of the cranium by no more than 2cm),
under expressed transition from forehead to muzzle, unparallel lines
of muzzle and cranium; rectangular shape of upper lip.
Serious faults: too narrow or too wide forehead, overly prominent cheek-bones,
underdeveloped brow arches, smoothened or sharp transition from forehead
to muzzle; too shot or too long muzzle, turned-up muzzle; pendulous
lips; color of the nose tip and lips not listed in the standard.
ars: Trailing, long, wide, hanging close to the cheeks, rounded from below,
set on eye level or slightly higher, mobile. The leather of
slightly extended ear should reach the tip of the nose.
Faults: ears set too high, slightly short (no more than 1cm short of
reach the tip of the nose), slightly long (extend beyond the tip of
the nose by 1-2cm).
Serious faults: ears set too low, rolled up, narrow, light, short (more
than 1cm short of reach the tip of the nose), too long (extend beyond
the tip of the nose more than 2cm), heavy, non-mobile.
yes: Oval, moderately large, straightly cut, tightly attached eyelids. Color
is dark-brown or brown depending on tone of the hair coat.
Faults: Round, inset, or small eyes. Eyelids not tightly attached.
Light-brown eyes regardless of coat color.
Serious faults: detached and pink eyelids, bulging eyes. Very light,
yellow, amber eyes regardless of coat color .
and bite: Healthy, strong, well developed, straight with no gaps; full
dental formula; scissors bite.
Faults: Small, sparse or unhealthy teeth; absence of no more than three
premolars out of first 3; one leaning incisor under condition that
its’ base is in line with other incisors; even bite after the
age of six.
Serious faults: absence of four premolars out of first 3 orone of the
Disqualifying faults: All deviations from scissors bite regardless
of severity: overbite, underbite; asymmetrical bite; an even bite detected
before the age of six; an extra incisor; absence of one or few incisors,
or incisor is broken which prevents proper evaluation of the bite;
absence of at least one molar; absence of more than four premolars
out of first 3 or two of the 4th.
eck: Moderately long, relatively low set, oval in cross-section, muscular,
without wrinkles and folds.
Faults: too short or too long, with underdeveloped musculature. Few
wrinkles, few fatty folds in the upper side of the neck .
Serious faults: A lot of wrinkles, significant number of fatty folds.
hest: Moderately wide, deep and long (lowered just below the elbows or at
their level), with well developed false ribs.
Faults: underdeveloped ribcage, not reaching the elbows by 2cm.
Serious faults: Narrow ribcage, not reaching the elbows by more than
ithers: Well developed. In males clearly expressed, exceeding the height in
croup by no less than 2 cm (0.79”). In females the
height of the withers may be in level with the croup.
Faults: under expressed withers (in males, in level with the croup,
in females, height in withers is 1cm lower than the croup).
Serious faults: low withers, height is noticeably lower than the croup.
ack: Straight, strong, wide, slightly sloping from withers to the waist,
Faults: soft back, noticeable depression behind scapula, while standing
or walking the dog slightly humps the back.
Serious faults: sagging back, humpbacked.
aist: Short, wide, muscular, and slightly convex.
Faults: straight, slightly elongated waist.
Serious faults: weak, long waist
roup: Wide, moderately long, slightly sloping, muscular.
Faults: slightly slanting croup.
Serious faults: narrow, sharply slanting croup.
Moderately tightened. Transition from the chest to the groin is smooth.
Faults: abdomen is almost level with the chest, over tightened abdomen.
Serious faults: sharp transition from the chest to the groin (detriment),
abdomen is in level or lower than the chest.
Extremities: Dry, bony, when looked at from the front, straight and
parallel. Angles of the shoulder scapular joints are near 100°.
Elbows are directed straight back. Forearms are straight. Wrists are
wide, slightly inclined.
Faults: slight deformity of forearms. Slightly straightened angles
of the shoulder scapular joints. Elbows turn slightly out. Slight external
rotation of the foot, intowed.
Serious faults: Over-expressed faults from those listed above are severely
Extremities: When looked at from behind - straight and parallel, set
wider than the front ones. From the side, joints are clearly defined.
Rear pasterns are moderately short, angled. Metatarsus (the unit between
the hock joint and the foot) is substantial, set straight.
Faults: underexpressed joint angles, metatarsus is slightly articulated,
hocks that slightly turn in while causing the toes to face outward
or turn slightly out with toes facing inward.
Serious faults: straightened angles of the elbow and hock joints, close
set limbs, hocks that turn in while causing the toes to face outward
(cow-hocked) or turn out with toes facing inward (bow-hocked), metatarsus
is tightly articulated.
aws: Round, arched, with densely tightened digits (“paw in
a clod") and dense hair inbetween.
Faults: narrow, slightly elongated, slightly loose paws, with too long,
soft hair between digits.
Serious faults: elongated, flat
ail: Relatively thick at the base, mobile, straight with a fringe. It is
docked to the half of its length. In a quiet standing position
the dog holds the tail in level with the back.
Faults: short or long docked, not very mobile tail; in a quiet standing
position the dog holds the tail slightly higher than back level.
Serious faults: undocked, vertically standing tail.
ovements: Movements are light and free at all paces.
Faults: listless, mincing, constrained movements
Serious faults: Over-expressed faults from those listed above are severely
penalized. Header walking movements.