Brief Description: The Russian Spaniel
is a relatively small gun-dog with average height in
withers of about 16". However, the small size does not
affect the ability of this dog with a strong, well built, slightly
elongated croup and long muscular legs, to work as well
in the field as other much larger gun dogs. The Russian Spaniel's
coat is skintight, not too long, with wavy fringes on the
back of the legs and on the ears. Its colors are usually white
with dark (black, brown, or red) spots and speckles. Head and
ears are usually dark in color as well. Other coloring is allowed,
and can vary from solids to tricolors (see show
pictures). You can see a Russian Spaniel "in movement" on the short
video clip made by St. Petersburg's club Prestij. The Russian
Spaniel has all field qualities necessary for a gun dog: stamina, great sense
of smell, energy
during the search, persistence, and an inborn willingness
to retrieve. These dogs start to work early in life and
do not require a lot of training. The goal of a Russian
Spaniel during the hunt is to seek out the bird, to flush it up
into the air, and to retrieve the game on command after
the shot. They are well equipped for the hunt of a marsh,
field, woodland, aridland bird and waterfowl as well as rabbits
and other small game (see working pictures).
Aside from Russian Spaniels' hunting abilities, as a pet, the Russian Spaniel
and loyal, friendly
towards other dogs and people, playful, good-natured house pet, and
great with children.
What is the difference between a Russian Spaniel and other spaniel
breeds? See comparison tables.
3/4 inches (38-45 cm.)
Weight: 20-35 lbs (9-16 kg.)
Living Conditions and Exercise requirement:
The popularity of this breed in Russia
is mainly due to dogs' small size and temperament, allowing
people to keep them in their city apartments. Russian
Spaniels are fairly active indoors and can get
plenty of exercise inside,
will do great in a small house or even in a highrise apartment if walked
Average Life Expectancy: 14 years
|Unlike with most other spaniel
breeds, very little grooming is required. The coat repels
water. If a dog gets muddy, all that is needed is let the coat
dry and mud can be dusted off with light brushing! Occasional bath
will keep the dog's coat clean and shiny. Only the long spaniel fringy
ears and fringes on the back of the legs need some extra care. This
breed is an average shedder.
Breed Books acknowledging Russian Spaniels
Walkowicz, Chris and Bonnie Wilcox, DVM.
Atlas of Dog Breeds of the World. TFH Publications, Inc.
|De Prisco, Andrew and James B. Johnson. Canine
Lexicon. TFH Publications, Inc. 1993.
|Hart, Ernest H. Encyclopedia of Dog Breeds
. TFH Publications, Inc. 1975.
Kennel and Hunting clubs recognizing Russian Spaniels